Open Access

Table 1

List of past main freezing-rain events in Europe from the literature, including the date and impacted country, the king of events, the damages produced and the references mentioning the events. Liste des principaux épisodes de pluie verglaçante survenus en Europe évoqués dans la littérature, comprenant la date et le pays touché, le type d’évènement, les dommages causés et les articles mentionnant les événements.

Date Country Type Damages References
Dec. 1990 UK Wet snow Power outage for 30 hours to 9 days in the country Solangi, 2018

Nov. 2005 Germany Wet snow 82 broken transmission towers, Electrical blackout (>250 000 people impacted), Dusseldorf airport closed for several days, many roads blocked by fallen trees Brostrom, 2007, Frick and Wernli, 2012

Mar. 2010 Spain Wet snow 2 deaths, Power outage for 6 weeks (>450 000 people impacted), 150 000 ha of forest affected Solangi, 2018, Llasat et al., 2014

Mar. 2010 Italy Wet snow Power outage (>25 000 people impacted) Bonelli et al., 2011

Dec. 2010 Russia Freezing rain Power lines destroyed, air transport cancelled Kämäräinen et al., 2017

Feb. 2012 Italy Wet snow Power outage (>125 000 people impacted) Marcacci et al., 2019

Feb. 2014 Slovenia Freezing rain More than 200 km of power lines destroyed or inoperant, 25% of population without electricity, heating and water, 40% of Alpine forests destroyed, damages estimated at 400 million euros Forbes et al., 2014, Markosek, 2015, Kämäräinen et al., 2017

Jan. 2017 Italy Wet snow Power outage (>300 000 people impacted) Marcacci et al., 2019

Jan. 2019 Romania Freezing rain 2622 broken trees in Bucharest, interruption of the public transport due to power outages, 759 cars damaged Andrei et al., 2019

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